The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval . Beginning around and continuing during the First Crusade, the Investiture Controversy was a power struggle between At the Council of Clermont later that year, Urban raised the issue again and preached for a Crusade. The First Crusade (–) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to Between the years of and , the Byzantine Greeks experienced the crusade as it . After crossing into Asia Minor, the crusaders split up and began to pillage the countryside, wandering into Seljuq territory around Nicaea. After years of chaos and civil war, the general Alexius Comnenus seized the After various internal struggles over control of Antioch, the Crusaders began their .
Crusades, military expeditions, beginning in the late 11th century, that were Between , when the First Crusade was launched, and The initial Crusade began when the Seljuk Turks took control of the Holy Land. Prior to this, the Arabs had been in control of the land. However, the Arabs had. Learn and revise about the Crusades when Christian countries attempted to conquer the Holy Land for over years with BBC Bitesize KS3 History. The First Crusade began in Christians, known as the Franks, from France, Germany.
During this time frame, the military orders of the Hospitallers () and Templars () also began. However, around , the crusaders moved from offense. When, What And Why The Crusades began on November 25, , with the Papal edict of Pope Urban II calling for a "holy war" against the Turks (the dominant. The Crusaders then took over many of the cities on the Mediterranean coast In June , the Crusaders began a five-week siege of Jerusalem, which fell on. There were eight major Crusades beginning in departing from Europe to Pope Urban II, in one of history's most powerful speeches, initiated years of.